We live in a golden era of technology. With flying drones delivering your packages, electric cars replacing ones running on gas, paying for your coffee with your phone and others, we are witnessing the age of comfort and the development of our civilization. All of this, of course, affects the medical field as well. Nanotechnology is now allowing us to go forward with our medical knowledge and possibilities. There are methods that are theoretical and ones that are already being tested or being used right this second.
Drug delivery could potentially dramatically improved
Nanotechnology could be used to improve drug delivery to the body. Currently the medical field is struggling with the problem involving providing drug to the part of the body that actually needs it. With nanoparticles now it will be possible to deliver chemicals to specific types of cells. It will be possible to design particles such way that it will go towards the targeted cell.
There are particles currently under development that will allow doctors to target cancer cells. This will help with chemotherapy as it will make possible to send drugs used for treatment directly to the cancerous cells. The technology is very close to getting final approval and will be used in the future for the treatment.
Another form of nanotechnology used is gelatin nanoparticles that were used to effectively deliver drugs to the damaged brain cells. The research took place at the University of Illinois and currently it was only possible at the lab, but in the future it will also be used to treat patients with brain damages.
Therapy will become easier with nanotechnology
Another wonder of nanotechnology is something called nanosponges They are currently being developed and tested at the lab settings. Researchers at the University. Of California are using them to absorb toxins from the bloodstream. So far the tests were only done on mice and it was successfully used to absorb toxins produced by poisonous animals or even E. Coli virus. Researchers are hoping that very soon it could be used on humans. This could potentially make therapy much more efficient and effective.
Nanotechnology could also be used controlling the levels of different substances in the body. MIT scientists were able to develop sensors using nano particles that could be used for monitoring nitric oxide levels in the blood. This will allow doctors to detect inflammation diseases at the early stages. The technology has been tested on mice successfully so far and will be tested on humans in the future.
As you can see that the future for nanotechnology in the medicine is huge. As the time passes, there will be more and more researches and inventions and hopefully eventually we will be able to battle any disease successfully and expand our lifespans as much as we can.